Steam Railway Locomotive - Waverley
@ Rudyard Lake Steam Railway
Waverley is a 4-4-2 tender engine No. 196 built by David Curwen of Devizes in 1948 and called Black Prince. It has a long history and has run at Weymouth, Loughborough, Dinting and the Isle of Mull. After a brief trip to Skegness It started its main work along with a pacific locomotive (Robin Hood) at the Weymouth miniature railway and ran there for many years. It ran for a while at Loughborough on the fledgling Great Central railway. it also visited Dinting railway centre before being bought to help start the railway on the Isle of Mull. After several years service on Mull it came to Rudyard in 2003 and apart from a trip to Scotland in 2004 for boiler repairs it has remained based at Rudyard ever since.
Photographs courtesy of Neville Knight (copyright reserved)
The 10¼ inch gauge locomotive Waverley was built by David Curwen of Baydon Miniature Railways and carried their works number 2005. Unfortunately, the makers did not keep very good records of their locomotives and it is only through conjecture that we may assume that it was built in about 1948-1950.
She is a 4-4-2 “Atlantic” locomotive and originally had an American appearance with a high footplate around the boiler. In this form she ran firstly for a year on the Skegness Miniature Railway un-named as “2005”, but went to Baydon Miniature Railways in 1953. By August 1953 she was at Weymouth running as Black Prince where she remained until about 1965. At Weymouth during the holiday season she would make trips around a mile-long circuit at the rate of about six an hour clocking up a staggering 80,000 miles, or so, in her first thirteen years.
It is hardly surprising that on the sale of the Weymouth line to new owners the locomotive was found to be in need of heavy repairs. These were deemed too costly so it was sold to the enthusiast, Jack Doyle, of Cheshire who decided to make such repairs that were necessary to get her moving. Once these were carried out she entered a new phase of life being exhibited at traction engine rallies. On these occasions she pulled a small train carrying about 30 people over a portable track.
This proved hard work for Mr. Doyle who sold her on to Tony Allcock, of Long Eaton. He decided to give her a thorough overhaul and rebuild. The rebuild included a new smokebox with smoke deflector plates, new cab and lowered footplates together with the new name Waverley. All of these changes gave the locomotive the appearance that she still has today and once completed she ran at the Great Central Railway, Loughborough, carrying visitors from the main line station to the sheds before the GCR standard gauge became operational.
Eventually the layout of the standard gauge lines there was changed and the 10¼ inch track was lifted. The locomotive was sold to Graham Ellis for the newly conceived railway on the Isle of Mull, but had to be stored for some years until the line was built and opened in 1983. During this time she was re-boilered by David Vere and painted in Caledonian blue livery. She ran in Mull, but only as a second engine since her external driving position did not lend itself too well to the climate of the Island. She also had adhesion problems due to a combination of the weight of the train and wet rails. These were overcome by the judicious use of the old lead plumbing system of Torosay Castle, the local stately home. The pipes were cast into the ingots that were bolted between the frames where they remain to this day. Even this did not solve the adhesion problems and Waverley was little used. Mull Rail put her up for sale to release funds for a new more powerful locomotive to operate alongside its 2-6-2 Victoria.
Waverley photographed on Mull
Eventually, in 1997 Waverley was sold to a group of enthusiasts and initially kept in Mull where she was used there from time to time until she was moved in 2003 to Rudyard Lake. In 2004 she returned to Scotland for her boiler overhaul at the SRPS, Bo’ness, going back to Rudyard towards the end of the 2005 running season where she remains. Here she is steamed more frequently than in the recent past and, although still suffering from adhesion problems (despite the plumbing), she can haul impressive loads once under way.
A great deal of work has been done to the valve gear. It is very light for the power of the locomotive and is a problem for this type of engine. Two of the other Curwen Atlantics have had completely new valve gear made.
Whilst at Rudyard it has been repainted from Caledonian Blue livery into Apple Green
Waverley is now normally resident on the Rudyard Lake Steam Railway. Owned by a small group of enthusiasts it is used from time to time on lighter trains or the double head heavier trains. It went to Bowness in Scotland in early 2004 for attention to its boiler and tender and returned on August 27th 2005.
In Scotland in 2004 the boiler had its tubes replaced and was then given a 10 year hydraulic test. The profile of the tender wheels was also improved and an air brake system added. It is now dual fitted with air and vacuum brakes. This engine has been in regular service from 2008 onwards after extensive work to the motion over that Winter. It visited the Ferry Meadows railway at Peterborough in 2009 with great success.
More views and information on other steam locomotives and trains linked to this railway are on the locomotives pages.
A new tender is on the horizon as well as developments to improve the efficiency of the existing valve gear. The new tender will allow the driver to sit on rather than on the engine.
Telephone - Office 01995 672280 Rudyard Station 01538 306704
Copyright (c) rlsr 2010 . Registered in England 4056499
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